Archeology (more than 35 thousand units. Hr.), The oldest collection of the museum. The leading archaeologist of the country V.A. Gorodtsov called the archaeological collection “the pride and decoration of the city.” A large contribution to its formation was made by A.S. Yelenev, A.V. Adrianov, N.K. Auerbach, R.V. Nikolaev, N.V. Nashchokin, N.I. Drozdov, N.P. Makarov, V.I. Privalikhin.
By the end of the nineteenth century. archaeological monuments of all ages (from the Paleolithic to the Middle Ages) were discovered in the Yenisey region. Among the most valuable complexes are Ishimsky, Kosogolsky, Novopyatnitsky and others. Continue reading
From about 4000 to 2900 BC temples lived on the islands of Malta and Gozo, who left behind many temple complexes. It is surprising not only the architecture of these buildings, but also the fact that the templars at some point simply disappeared, leaving not a single trace behind them, in addition to the already mentioned temples.
All that archaeologists can say about this – the cause of the disappearance of the templar civilization was not an epidemic, not war and not hunger. Perhaps not without religious extremism or environmental factors – there are no other versions.
All that is known about the templar is that they were obviously obsessed with building stone temples – there are more than thirty of them on both islands. The researchers found traces of sacrifices and complex rituals there, and also found out that the templar were fixated on the ideas of life, sex and death – this is indicated by sculptures and images of phallic symbols and pyshnotely (and, accordingly, fertile) women. Continue reading
Princess Ukok The astounding discovery of archeologists in the Altai Mountains, on the Ukok Plateau, which thundered not only throughout Russia, but became famous throughout the world. In 1993, Novosibirsk archaeologists found there a woman’s burial site, dating back to the V-III centuries BC. Due to the climate of this place, as well as the depth of the burial, the grave was ice-bound, which means it was preserved from decomposition. A few days, trying not to harm the burial, archaeologists melted the ice. In the burial chamber six horses were found under the saddles and with the harness, a larch block with bronze nails. Continue reading
The outstanding Italian archaeologist Ernesto Schiaparelli found the famous tomb of Queen Nefertari in 1904. Nefertari, whose name translates as “The Most Beautiful”, was the favorite main spouse of Ramses II, one of the most prominent rulers of Egypt, who ruled in the 13th century. BC. After the royal couple left the majestic monuments, among which the rock complexes in Abu Simbel became especially famous. However, among the many thousands of monuments, the tomb of Nefertari, located in the Valley of the Queens at the foot of the Theban cliffs in Luxor, occupies a special place. This is a genuine masterpiece: 520 sq. M. The walls of the tomb are covered with unsurpassed painted reliefs telling about the journey of the deceased queen to the beyond-bound areas of another world, according to the text of the Book of the Dead. Continue reading
The most discussed Egyptian history, which has so far ended in an offensive ellipsis, was new research in the Valley of the Kings – in the famous tomb of Tutankhamen. Briton Nicholas Reeves, one of the greatest researchers of Egyptian history of the reign of Pharaoh-reformer Akhenaten and his son Tutankhamun, suggested that exploring the walls of the burial chamber of the tomb could hide behind them other rooms that the great Howard Carter, the archaeologist who found treasures of Tutankhamen. Continue reading