Pablo Picasso was one of the most famous artists of the 20th century. His name is a pack synonymous with the whole artistic direction, and his personality not only captivated people who knew the artist, but managed to conquer the whole world.
Pablo Picasso was born October 15, 1881 in Malaga, a bustling port city in southern Spain. His parents are Maria Picasso Lopez and José Runs Blasco. Jose studied painting and taught it.
In 1893, the family moved to Barcelona, where Jose began working at the art school of La Lonja. Picasso began to study there, and in 1897 he continued his education at the Madrid Academy of Fine Arts. Soon he realized that the Academy would give him nothing, and returned to Barcelona, where he organized his own studio. He was then only 16 years old.
His early paintings are often filled with sadness. Initially, he subscribed to them – P. Ruiz, but later added this signature to his mother’s maiden name, becoming “P. Ruiz Picasso. At the age of twenty, he took a pseudonym for himself, by which the whole world recognized him. Alias needed Picasso, so that he was not confused with his father.
Like all ambitious artists of the time. Picasso dreamed of getting to Paris. His dream came true in 1900. In 1904 hePicasso Pablo in Paris. The years 1900-1304 are called the “blue period” in the work of Picasso, since most of the paintings he created during these years are painted in cool blue tones. The “blue period” was replaced by a short-term “pink”, when the artist preferred a warmer range (mainly shades of pink).
In 1904, Picasso bought a studio in a dilapidated house. For the next five years he lived in this studio. It was here that the young artist met the model Fernanda Olivier, who became his mistress. He has repeatedly portrayed Fernanda in his paintings.
In Paris, Picasso quickly entered the avant-garde circle and retained friendship with many poets until the end of his life. Among them are Guillaume Appoliner, who was one of the first to appreciate the works of Picasso, Max Jacob and Andre Salmon, who left living, though not always true, memories of the then bohemian life. Picasso especially close friends with Max Jacob. In the winter of 1902-1903 when Picasso was literally begging, Jacob offered the artist to share his room with him. The bed was one, and the friends divided it according to the time of day: Jacob slept at night, and Picasso by day, and this suited both of them, because Pablo preferred to work at night. Among the friends of Picasso can be identified more writer and filmmaker Jean Cocteau and composers Eric Sati and Igor Stravinsky.
Picasso and Fernanda lived in Bato Lavoie with quite bohemian life. However, Picasso did not stop working and soon achieved success. By 1907, he became famous among collectors and art dealers who became interested in a bright young talent. At the same time, Picasso never exhibited his work at ordinary public exhibitions, and this was another manifestation of his amazing individualism.
Among the people who supported Picasso was a painting trader, of German origin, Daniel-Heinrich Kanweiler.
It was Canweiler in 1907 that Picasso introduced a talented young artist, Georges Braque. For several years, both artists worked in close cooperation. As a result, a new direction in painting – cubism. Cubism denied the traditional notion that the object or person depicted in the picture should be viewed only from one particular perspective. Fruitful cooperation Braque and Picasso lasted until 1914, when the world war began and Braque was drafted into the army. In 1917, the artist visited Rome, where he worked on the scenery and costumes for the ballet “Parade” staged by Russian ballet master Sergei Dyagilev. Here, Picasso fell in love with Olga Khokhlova, one of the dancers of the Russian troupe. They got married in 1918. It was then that Picasso forever said goodbye to the bohemian life. With his young wife, he moved into a luxurious apartment. The funds allowed to do this – by that time Picasso had become a flourishing and recognized artist.
In 1921, Pablo and Olga had a son, Paul, but their marriage cannot be called happy. In fact, it ended in January 1927, when Picasso became interested in 17-year-old Marie-Therese Walter. The maitre himself was then 45. In 1935, Marie-Terez gave birth to a girl who was named Maya. The situation was delicate, because the marriage of Picasso with Olga, concluded under Spanish law, could not be terminated. Olga and Pablo formally remained husband and wife until Olga’s death in 1955.
But not developed and the relationship of Picasso with Marie-Therese. They stopped already in 1937, when the photographer Dora Maar took her place in the heart of the artist. Marie-Therese pursued Picasso to the end of her life, committing suicide soon after his death.