PERM STATE ART GALLERY
PERM STATE ART GALLERY (UGHG).
Opened on November 7, 1922 (until 1936 – Art Museum as part of the Perm Regional Museum of Local History). The basis of the collection was the collection of the art department of the Perm Scientific-Industrial Museum. The department was formed through donations of artists-countrymen, acquisitions from the first art exhibitions in Perm, the gifts of the society to them. A.I. Kuindzhi and others
Since 1919 Gubmuzeem, which was engaged in the work of museums in the region (1919-1923), the first expeditions to collect works of art were organized, first led by A. K. Syropyatov (head of the Perm Museum 1919-1922, head of the Art Museum 1922- 1925), then – N. N. Serebrennikov (1925-1949 – director of the gallery, 1949-1960 – chief custodian).
In addition to local sources of recruitment, the replenishment of collections went through the Department of Fine Arts of the People’s Commissariat of Education and the State Museum Fund (1921-1918, with branches in Moscow and Petrograd). In 1926-1931 and later works of art came from the State Russian Museum, the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Hermitage Museum, the State Museum of Fine Arts. A.S. Pushkin et al. Until 1922 there were 140 exhibits in the Art Department, for the years 1922-1923. received 2858, for the years 1923-1924. – 398. By 1925 the museum consisted of 4451 works of art.
Since its opening, the gallery has become the center of the artistic life of the region. Since 1925, exhibitions of works by contemporary artists of the Urals began to take place here (a prototype of the future regional art exhibitions “Socialist Urals” 1964-1991). The best works remained in the collection. In 1929, the first modern art department in the country was opened, marking the beginning of the creation of works of Russian art of the twentieth century.
In 1941, many collections of the State Russian Museum were evacuated to Perm and placed in the building of an art gallery. The gallery’s exhibits were closed to visitors, but exhibition activities continued. In addition, in the building of the gallery were located posters for the production of posters, the head of which was N. N. Serebrennikov. On January 21, 1946, the gallery was opened to visitors in a renewed version of the expositions. By this time, the gallery collections were about 10,000 exhibits.
The collection activity of the gallery’s staff over the 75-year development was very intensive: annual expeditions around the region to collect exhibits (in the 1960-1980s, I. V. Arapov, A. V. Dominyak, then R. A. Sedova, N V. Skomorovskaya, N. V. Kazarinova, T. L. Sysoyeva, O. M. Vlasova, I. P. Fedotov, G. P. Khomenko, etc.), searching for missing parts of the collection, working with collectors in 1970- 1980, – all this allowed to form the collection of pre-revolutionary and modern domestic and foreign, ancient art. To date, the gallery’s collections comprise over 41,000 exhibits.
The significance of the collections, the artistic level of the works allow not only to present the development of art at various stages of its history, but also to highlight the self-valuable links of the general assembly. Thus, in the collection of Old Russian art, special sections were composed: religious wooden sculpture, golden facial and ornamental sewing of the 17th-19th centuries, Stroganov’s icon and folk icon-painting of 18 – early. 20 centuries., Manuscript and early printed books.
Russian art is represented by national classics. A significant place in the collection is occupied by the works of the academic school, the canvases of the artists of the “Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions”. In the collection of art of the early twentieth century, a special place is occupied by the painting of the Russian avant-garde, which is significantly complemented by collections of drawing and watercolor, propaganda porcelain and poster.
The art of modern artists is represented by the works of leading masters of Russia and the near abroad. Formed collections of the Ural and Kama art: painting, graphics, sculpture, decorative and folk art. There are various collections of decorative and applied art: porcelain and glass of Russian and European factories, pre-revolutionary silver, as well as collections of medals, coins, and orders. Prikamsky folk costume, ceramics, weaving, painting on wood, folk crafts of the Kama region and the Urals – this is only an incomplete list of collections of folk art, mainly collected by gallery expeditions in the 1960-1980s. Collections of foreign art are smaller in size, but significant in the selection of exhibits: the Austro-German school of painting, the Italian art of the 15-18th centuries, the painting of the Flemish and Dutch schools. In addition, interesting are small collections of antique ceramics, art of ancient Egypt, Tibetan bronze, and applied art of Japan, India, and China.