Burial Facility-3.
It is possible that someone has already heard about the excavations of this necropolis, read materials in the open spaces of the network, watched reports on TV. However, the quality…

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Originality - the main feature of the Japanese ukiyo-e engraving. Not having analogies in the art of other countries of the Far East, this system formed the basis for the…

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Near Sevastopol, archaeologists have found “Scythian gold”

Numerous gold and silver ornaments were found during the excavations of the unique necropolis of the late Roman time.
Numerous gold and silver ornaments were found during the excavations of the unique necropolis of the late Roman time.
During excavations at the Sevastopol construction site of the federal highway “Tavrida” near the village of Frontovoye, archaeologists of the Crimean newly built expedition of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences found a unique object – the untouched by modern looters of the II – IV centuries of our era.
Located on the left bank of the Belbek River, the necropolis is called Frontovoye-3. The head of the expedition, Sergey Vnukov, stressed that this find is a great success, because similar excavations of burial grounds in this region of the Crimea were carried out only in the 1950s – 1970s. But unlike the necropolis discovered in 2018, they were not fully studied and have been looted to date.
“The Frontovoye-3 necropolis discovered during the construction of the highway has been fully preserved and is therefore of particular interest to scientists, who were given the opportunity to explore untouched burials at a modern scientific level.
Discovered during the construction of the highway, the necropolis Frontovoye-3 has been fully preserved.
The necropolis dates back to the II – IV centuries AD. He was at the junction of influences, on the one hand, of Chersonesus, who was the outpost of the Roman Empire in the Crimea, and on the other hand, of the so-called Crimean Scythia, a barbarous public education that developed in the 2nd century BC and existed until the first half of the 3rd century of our era ”, – said the head of the expedition.
Many earrings, necklaces, bracelets, glass vessels, buckles, and ceramics were found in early burials.
Among the finds, the golden thread and the drop-shaped pendant with red insert and edging are particularly notable. Similar products were previously found in the necropolis of Chersonesos. Also highlighted is a ring with a carved seal of carnelian. The size of the division on the line – 1 centimeter.
Among the finds, the golden thread and the drop-shaped pendant with red insert and edging are particularly notable. Similar products were previously found in the necropolis of Chersonesos. Also highlighted is a ring with a carved seal of carnelian. The size of the division on the line – 1 centimeter
Among the finds, the golden thread and the drop-shaped pendant with red insert and edging are particularly notable. Similar products were previously found in the necropolis of Chersonesos. Also highlighted is a ring with a carved seal of carnelian. The size of the division on the line – 1 centimeter
During the excavations, scientists found that the necropolis expanded to the south and east. Most of the graves, which belong to the second half of the III century and the IV century, are bogged down (a well with a large grave pit). But among them there are also other burial structures – soil graves with ledges, on which stone slabs or other ceilings were supported. Most of the soil crypts falls on the IV century. These are rectangular underground burial chambers with a narrow dromos corridor leading to the surface with steps. The entrance to the chamber was laid with a stone. Several people were buried in such crypts.
In late burials, many weapons were found, including swords, pole weapons, fragments of shields. An ax was found in one of the graves.
Archeologists found vessels in skulls. In some of them, remains of a requiem food have been preserved.
Archeologists found vessels in skulls. Some of them have remains of requiem food.
Untouched burials allowed scientists to accurately reproduce the details of the burial rite.
“So, in one of the crypts where an adult man was buried, several ceramic and one glass vessel lay in a skull, eggshell and bird’s bones were left in a bowl, a blade from the right shoulder lay, probably from a pole arm, on the left side at the feet – the sword. A shield was attached to the wall, from which the handle and the umbron (lining the central part) are preserved, ”said Vnukov.
In the late burials, Pontic red-glazed dishes, glass jugs, and many buckles and brooches (metal buckles for clothes) were also found. Already, the archaeologist notes, one can say that the collection of “Inkerman” fibulas from the Frontovy-3 excavations is one of the most expressive both in the number of specimens and in the number of different variants.
During studies of the necropolis, scientists use modern techniques – geomagnetic studies (to search for iron objects and refine the zone of the burials’ distribution) and photogrammetry (to create a three-dimensional model of burial complexes and clarify their architectural features). Simultaneously with the archaeological necropolis, anthropological and osteological studies are also conducted. Samples were taken for radiocarbon analysis. All this allows to obtain additional information and clarify the dating of the monument.

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