Unknown rooms in the tomb of Tutankhamen
The most discussed Egyptian history, which has so far ended in an offensive ellipsis, was new research in the Valley of the Kings – in the famous tomb of Tutankhamen. Briton Nicholas Reeves, one of the greatest researchers of Egyptian history of the reign of Pharaoh-reformer Akhenaten and his son Tutankhamun, suggested that exploring the walls of the burial chamber of the tomb could hide behind them other rooms that the great Howard Carter, the archaeologist who found treasures of Tutankhamen.
The work of the special permission of the Ministry of Antiquities of Egypt started an outstanding Japanese specialist in GPR researches Dr. Hirokatsu Watanabu. The most difficult work on the study of the soil around the tomb and the walls of the burial chamber itself showed that, indeed, there are significant voids outside the known premises of the tomb. In a series of voids, as it was possible to establish, there are clusters of some objects, including those made of metal.
Alas, the unconditional sensation did not receive its triumphal development: Egypt insisted on additional research, which was carried out by a special team of the National Geographic Society of the USA and the results of which were not as convincing as the Japanese expert presented to the scientific community. After agonizing wait, Egypt decided to conduct additional soil research around the tomb with the help of another team of specialists and only then decide on the possible drilling of one of the walls of Tutankhamun’s tomb in a room that is devoid of any decoration.
The delay is partly due to the fact that an outstanding Japanese expert, offended by the distrust of his professionalism, refused to share with other specialists the initial data obtained with the help of a scanner, created on the basis of authoring and which has no analogues in the world.
Many assumptions by Nicholas Reeves, in particular, that the hidden cameras of Tutankhamun’s tomb may contain the burial of his stepmother Nefertiti, are certainly premature, but this does not diminish the role of his assumption about the very existence of unidentified premises. Let’s see how this story will end, which has become, on the one hand, the main sensation, and on the other – the biggest disappointment in Egyptian archeology this year.
Notes Builder Pyramid
The discovery of the most ancient papyrus with preserved texts impressed all Egyptologists of the world and, probably, became one of the most striking events of this year. The point is not only that we are talking about writing monuments of extreme antiquity – they were created in the 27th century BC. with all the famous king Khufu (Cheops). Before the French and Egyptian researchers appeared the diary of Master Merer, thrown out of uselessness, which led by one of the large groups of builders on the Great Czarist Pyramid at Giza!
Diaries builder of the Great Pyramid during the opening of the exhibition in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. © MSA, Egypt
The diary contains records of three months of work of the team, which shipped blocks from the quarries in Tours to the construction site of the royal pyramid on the opposite, eastern bank of the Nile. It was there that they took one of the leading architects of his time – the king’s son Anhhaf. The diary of the pyramid builder became an important addition to the understanding of how the great royal construction was carried out.
By now, archaeologists have already discovered the ruins of the barracks, where thousands of workers lived, and barns, where provisions were kept for them. We know a lot about the life of the great architects – Hemiun and Anhhaf – thanks to the biographies that have been preserved on the walls of their magnificent tombs. Also found an extensive necropolis of those who died at the construction site, and documents about how the country’s regions supplied materials and food for the workers to the place of the main national construction site. However, in all this vast panorama of knowledge, the diary of Merer took such a significant place that immediately after conservation the papyruses were exhibited in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
After the construction of the royal pyramid was completed, part of the brigades was disbanded. Merer moved to the shore of the Red Sea, in one of the major ports of the time, where he occupied a worthy position. The diary was unnecessary, and he threw it in the desert near the port’s vaults. Here, in the town of Wadi al-Jarf, 118 km south of the city of Suez, archaeologists discovered it. Due to the climate of Egypt and the desert, where the find was made, the unique papyruses are very well preserved.