The oldest collection of the museum
Archeology (more than 35 thousand units. Hr.), The oldest collection of the museum. The leading archaeologist of the country V.A. Gorodtsov called the archaeological collection “the pride and decoration of the city.” A large contribution to its formation was made by A.S. Yelenev, A.V. Adrianov, N.K. Auerbach, R.V. Nikolaev, N.V. Nashchokin, N.I. Drozdov, N.P. Makarov, V.I. Privalikhin.
By the end of the nineteenth century. archaeological monuments of all ages (from the Paleolithic to the Middle Ages) were discovered in the Yenisey region. Among the most valuable complexes are Ishimsky, Kosogolsky, Novopyatnitsky and others. Products (weapons and highly anthropomorphic and zoomorphic images cast from bronze about 2 thousand years ago) clearly indicate the interpenetration of cultures of the Ancient East and West in the Yenisei. It is not by chance that the Big Salbyk Kurgan is called the grand pyramid of Khakassia. During the excavations at Chapel Mountain, gold earrings, a silver ladle, a cup, a vase, a silver-plated saddle and stirrups were found.
Afontovskaya mountain and its international significance (the discovery of the Paleolithic on the Yenisei). At the International Anthropological Congress (Moscow, 1892) I.T. Savenkov, who discovered the site of an ancient man in 1884, presented his findings to the scientific community. The findings were similar to those found in the French town of Madeleine. The French archaeologist Baron de Bail, a congress participant, wrote: “When I first reviewed the congress exhibition in Moscow, one window caught my attention, and after a serious acquaintance with it, I was astounded. I then decided to report to the French Academy about the facts that, in their novelty and scientific importance, deserve its special attention. It is about discoveries that made up the central event of the congress … Savenkov, a zealous archaeologist living in the very center of Siberia for 21 years, came to show the Moscow congress an archaeological collection that represents the present discovery. He explored an area that is still unknown, and science is obliged to him to discover a paleontological person in Siberia in the Yenisei basin. This scientific achievement deserves special attention, because until now it was possible to assume that Siberia, like Sweden, in the era of the mammoth and subsequent geological formations was not inhabited by man. And our duty is to express appreciation of the learned world to those who, at the cost of so many works, discovered the traces of the first man in Northern Asia, whose modesty was great, how great his scientific achievements are … ”
French archaeologist twice (1896, 1897) came to Krasnoyarsk to verify the antiquities of Mount Afontov, to get acquainted with the collections of the museum, as well as other sites of the ancient man. Collected archaeological material, incl. and from Mount Afonto, he exhibited at the Museum of Natural History in Paris.
In the 1920s, N.K. Auerbach, G.P. Sosnovsky, V.P. Gromov, G. Murgart. In 1937, a member of the French delegation, Fromozhe, who arrived in Krasnoyarsk with other delegates after the International Anthropological Congress in Moscow, managed to detect large fragments of the human skull in the outcrops of Mount Afontov. The value of Mount Afonto is relevant today.