ONE OF THE ANCIENT STRUCTURES – THE TEMPLE OF FIRE IN PERU
How can this be? In Peru, that find is the oldest. Paradoxically, archaeologists dug out a temple in which people once probably worshiped fire and which — yes-yes — turned out to be the most ancient religious building with painted walls in both Americas at once. And in general, somehow strange.
Going to the district of Ventarron, located 800 kilometers from the Peruvian capital of Lima, Walter Alva (Walter Alva Alva) was guided, perhaps, not so much by outburst enthusiasm, as by ordinary interest. After all, it has long been known that this is a place where some antiquities are buried underground, numerous lovers of free antiques have repeatedly plundered.
However, Walter still went there – after all, he is, after all, a professional archaeologist. Alva even participated in the creation of the museum of tombs in Peru (Museo Tumbas Reales de Sipan). In a word, he is no stranger to the kind of plundered antiquity and other outrages.
This place is interesting because it is located near Sipan (Sipan) – a religious and political center that flourished in the I-VIII centuries of our era. By the way, Sipan is also Walter’s discovery, but it was made a long time ago – in the 1980s.
In Ventarrón, it was expected to find an ancient temple, because part of the “excavations” had already been done – thirteen years ago thieves had already been there a couple of times. However, either they didn’t have enough thoroughness, or someone frightened them, but they couldn’t find anything special there.
That same staircase that the robbers never found. Now they are probably very surprised to learn that there is a staircase, although it should not have been. Yeah…
It is clear – the ancient building turned out to be quite non-standard.
It is made up of blocks that look rather unattractive. However, the internal layout is not at all primitive. By the way, it is interesting that river sedimentary rocks were used as building materials, and not stone or clay bricks (much more familiar and better suited for religious buildings).
Having excavated part of the structure, archaeologists discovered walls with very expressive images on them. One wall is painted with red and white paints (why – it is still unknown), and on the other – a deer caught in a net is carefully outlined.
It is here that a deer is drawn, entangled in the grid of hunters.
Archaeologists report that it is here that a deer is drawn, entangled in the grid of hunters. As soon as you see it – inform us immediately (photo by Reuters / Ignacio Alva).
All this really looks impressive, but the real present was presented by the results of radiocarbon analysis of objects found inside the temple. As it turned out, it was built two thousand years before Sipan, which means that the age of the sanctuary is about four thousand years! Consequently, this is one of the oldest buildings in Peru, and certainly the oldest wall painting, both in North and South America.
Specialists have somehow found out that in Peru there was a developed society more than 5 thousand years ago. However, a marvel from Ventarrona in terms of architectural and artistic characteristics is very “advanced” for its age.
This coloring looks pretty strange
Such a coloring looks rather strange (photo by Reuters / Ignacio Alva).
By the way, thanks to the efforts of the brigade, Alva managed to reach the altar, after studying which, archaeologists concluded that the temple was associated with a certain cult of the worship of fire.
The area where this sanctuary was located, according to the scientist, was a place of “cultural exchange” between the inhabitants of the coastal zone and other territories of Peru. The findings of the remains of the sacrifices in the temple — the skeletons of the parrot and the monkeys, which were most likely brought from wooded regions far from Ventarron, pushed this conclusion.
In addition, shells of molluscs were found, which generally somehow came from the coast of Ecuador.
This part of the building is practically undamaged by hapless burglars, but a bit destroyed by local residents, who have dismantled incomprehensible stones for the construction of dwellings and economic facilities near
The area of the site, which occupies the temple, is 2.5 thousand square meters. By the way, parts of the building are practically undamaged by hapless burglars, but a little destroyed by local residents, who have dismantled incomprehensible stones for the construction of dwellings and economic facilities nearby. So (Photo by Reuters / Ignacio Alva).
One of the most abnormal parts of the temple is the staircase. According to Alva, this element is atypical for the buildings of that time in the area. It should be noted that it is very unusual: the robbers who tried to get into the church in 1990 and in 1992 could not even find it, and therefore did not damage the priceless monument.
Yeah, the ancient architects seemed to know that this strange feature would save both the structure and its interior decoration … Or maybe they really did?