Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich
Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi is one of the most prominent artists in the history of Russian landscape painting. The author of the most popular paintings went through a thorny creative path…

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PERM STATE ART GALLERY
PERM STATE ART GALLERY (UGHG). Opened on November 7, 1922 (until 1936 - Art Museum as part of the Perm Regional Museum of Local History). The basis of the collection…

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Antique firearms

The first primitive firearm existed in the 12th century, but only in the 17th century did guns and cannons become the main weapon on the battlefield. The French invention of the flintlock made firearms more reliable. After that, all states sought to standardize the firearms of their armies, increase their rate of fire and make an uninterrupted supply of ammunition.
K XV century. the pistol became not only the weapon of cavalrymen, but also murderers and robbers from the main road. Guns, such as arquebuses, food and muskets, were in service with the infantrymen, and thanks to them in the XVI century. The era of “kill and shoot.” The guns at that time had two systems of ignition: with a wick lock and with a wheel lock.
In the XVIII century. in European countries they realized that it was more effective to conduct fire from fortified positions. Weapons charged from the breech existed already in the 16th century, but did not have any success at that time. Thanks to the industrial revolution in the late XVIII and early XIX century. Not only did the weapon loaded from the breech get widespread, but a rifled weapon also appeared, the bullet fired from which rotated in flight, increasing accuracy. Instead of flint fuse began to use drums. And, finally, the bullets and gunpowder replacements became commonplace.
Another area of ​​technical improvement has become multiplayer weapons. As the first attempts used multi-barreled revolvers. They were replaced by single-barreled revolvers. After a shot in the barrel, it immediately turned out to be a new cartridge. The golden age of revolvers came in the middle of the XIX century, when gunsmiths Elisha Collier, Samuel Colt and John and Robert Adams began to compete with each other in an effort to improve the design of weapons.
The final goal of the firearm developers was automatic and semi-automatic shooting. The Gatling machine gun rotated several trunks in conjunction with the loading mechanism. But it was truly possible to conduct automatic fire after the appearance of the Maxim machine gun in the 1880s.
Collectors of rarities attracted multiply charged pistols, the predecessors of the revolver, made in the middle of the XIX century. The trunks were turning, and when the trigger was pressed, a fresh cartridge appeared in front of the drummer. Another unusual weapon is the musketon, a favorite means of self-defense from the 1b70s to the 1840s, which was replaced by pistols. The wide barrel made it easy to load a weapon on a shaking carriage or the rocking deck of a ship.
Here is a Colt pocket revolver, caliber 0.31, with a percussion mechanism of a sample of 1849 with a ramrod fixed under the barrel, a bronze brace and a wooden handle. This copy is in a genuine case, which also contains a set of tools and accessories. On the bottom cover of the case, a sheet with a handling guide is glued.

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