The first civilized people of America that the Spaniards encountered during the conquest of the lands of the western hemisphere were Maya. In 1517, on the rocky coast of Cape Katoch (Yucatan Peninsula), the first test of strength of two warring worlds occurred, separated from each other not only by the boundless expanses of the ocean, but also by whole epochs of historical development. Conquistadors armored in steel armor armed with European military equipment and tactics of those years agreed in a decisive battle with numerous armies of Maya Indians armed with spears and arrows with stone tips. The outcome of this unequal struggle was predetermined by history itself. But the Maya for many years fiercely defended their independence from the encroachments of foreign conquerors. Even in 1540, i.e. 20 years after the death of the powerful Aztec state, much of the Yucatan was still in the hands of the Indians. Continue reading
Rococo (French rococo – fanciful, quaint from rocaille – rocky from roc – rock, cliff). Rococo – the original art style, developed in the art of France, the first half of the XVIII century. Same as Louis XV style, since it coincides with the time of the reign of this king (1720-1765). Rococo – one of the most famous “royal styles.” The origin of its name and main forms is closely related to the concept of “rokail”.
In 1736, the French jeweler and woodcarver J. Mondon, Son, published an album of engraved drawings entitled “The First Book of the Forms of Rokaille and Cartelles”. Cartel – French cartelle from carte – map, scroll paper. Continue reading
Among the peaceful portraits and soothing works of art there are eerie old paintings that give viewers a more disturbing look at the world. These famous horror paintings go from slightly weird to completely shocking and crazy. Can you handle these 10 unpleasant works of art? Many have tried, and many have failed.
One of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso, Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering that it inflicts on people, especially innocent civilians. This work acquired a monumental status and became a constant reminder of the cruelty of war.
2. Dante and Virgil in Hell. Continue reading